All of us needs salt, the most common form is table salt or sodium chloride. It is essential because it contain sodium element which maintains a balance of positive and negative ions in our body fluids and tissues. It is also responsible for maintaining water in our body tissues. Imagine , the water inside our body will evaporate fast without the salt holding it. We better include salt in our diet.
But be warned . Excessive consumption of salt may results in health problems.
- Too much sodium in the diet has been associated with an increased risk of developing stomach cancer and adverse effects on the kidney.
- Excess of sodium can cause edema, an accumulation of extracellular fluid, especially in conditions such as congestive heart failure.
- Excess dietary salt may contribute to high blood pressure in some individuals.
- However , A low sodium intake leads to a lowering of the blood pressure and brings about diuresis, ridding the body of the excess extracellular fluid.
Normally, amount of sodium is expressed in food labels so we can take precautions. RDA requirement for sodium is 10 to 15 grams a day.
Sodium in our diet may also come in the following forms: